Social Security Policy Support (SSPS) Programme

An initiative of the Cabinet Division and the General Economics Division (GED), Bangladesh Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh

Strategic Guidelines and Action Plans for Adaptive Social Protection in Bangladesh

Since gaining independence in 1971, Bangladesh has embarked on a transformative journey in the realm of social protection. What began as a focus on disaster response and relief has matured into a more holistic understanding of social protection, as evidenced by the comprehensive National Social Protection Strategy (NSSS). This strategy adeptly incorporates responses to varied shocks such as natural disasters and economic crises, embodying the essence of adaptive social protection in Bangladesh.

Emergence of Adaptive Social Protection

The concept of adaptive social protection has gained prominence, particularly in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. This global crisis brought to the forefront the necessity for robust, adaptable, and responsive social protection systems. Bangladesh’s response, through the institutionalization of adaptive social protection, is encapsulated in the “Guidelines on Adaptive Social Protection in Bangladesh,” marking a significant evolution in the nation’s social protection approach.

Core Principles and Strategic Objectives

The guidelines are grounded in principles of inclusivity, responsiveness, sustainability, and adaptability. They aim to enhance coordination, increase system responsiveness, foster risk-informed decision-making, ensure sustainable financing, and build capacities at various levels. Integral to these objectives are the establishment of inter-ministerial and field-level committees and the commitment to integrated sectoral efforts.

Detailed Strategic Objectives

Enhanced Coordination Across Sectors: This includes forming an Inter-ministerial Committee on ASP and field-level Social Security Management Committees to align strategies across social protection, disaster management, and climate adaptation. Capacity Building: Implementing comprehensive training programs for Social Security Focal Points and key committee chairpersons, targeting government officials, NGO representatives, and public representatives to integrate ASP into various policy frameworks and on-ground implementations.

Readiness and Anticipatory Measures: Focusing on continuous information collection for early risk identification, enhancing administrative preparedness, community awareness, and providing anticipatory allowances to vulnerable communities.

Conduct Studies on the ASP Situation: Undertaking an in-depth analysis to evaluate and refine the ASP framework, leading to the development of a tailored model of ASP. Novel Data Strategy for Beneficiary Selection: Leveraging big data and digital sources for efficient and accurate beneficiary targeting.

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E): Developing an M&E framework to assess the efficacy of ASP, emphasizing the integration across key sectors.

This is gender and disability-inclusive and child-sensitive ensuring that the needs and rights of all community members are addressed. The focus extends beyond mere financial assistance, recognizing the diverse challenges faced by different groups. By prioritizing community engagement, this strategy fosters a sense of belonging and participation among all members.

Roadmap for Implementation

The guidelines offer a comprehensive framework to guide policymakers, stakeholders, and practitioners, ensuring the adaptability of Bangladesh’s social protection framework to current and future challenges.

Conclusion and Forward Outlook

The “Guidelines on Adaptive Social Protection in Bangladesh” represent a strategic, forward-thinking approach to enhance the resilience and adaptability of the nation’s social protection systems. More than just directives, these guidelines provide a strategic blueprint for building a resilient, adaptable social protection system, prioritizing the well-being and security of all citizens, especially the most vulnerable. They stand as a testament to Bangladesh’s dedication to sustainable development and serve as an exemplary model for other nations facing similar challenges.


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