Social Security Policy Support (SSPS) Programme

An initiative of the Cabinet Division and the General Economics Division (GED) of Bangladesh Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh

Implications of Changing Demographics and Effects on Social Protection in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is currently at the third stage of her demographic transition. Bangladesh has been experiencing a rapid change in her population structure due to successes of social policy interventions which have driven down child mortality and high fertility rates and extended life expectancy. Changing population structures likely to have implications on the economy and society mainly via three channels (i)labour supply and labour market; (ii) internal migration and urbanization; and (iii) demand for goods and services – especially for public services including social protection system.

Research Objectives

To examine the implications of Bangladesh’s changing demographics on the social protection system.

  • To assess changing huge population base of youth and its effect on the social protection system
  • How changes in age composition affect the demand side of the SP and whether the supply side provides
    commensurate responses

Methodological approaches

  • Desk research for literature review
  • Qualitative methods
  • Empirical approach using micro-econometrics from HIES and BIHS .
  • Field survey for gathering first-hand information

Related Publications

Perception Study – Situation Analysis of Person with Disabilities in Bangladesh and role of Social Protection

View Documents Based on WHO1is global estimates of 15%, Bangladesh...

Diagnostics for Urban Poverty and the Social Security Needs of the Urban Poor Study in Bangladesh

View Document Despite the extra-ordinary achievements in terms of the...

Workfare Programmes and Skill Development Evidence and Policy Implications

View Document The Government of Bangladesh (GoB) has been implementing...

Harmonization of Small Social Security Programmes: Issues and Policy Options

View Document The NSSS viewed small programme consolidation as an...