Social Security Policy Support (SSPS) Programme

An initiative of the Cabinet Division and the General Economics Division (GED) of Bangladesh Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh

Building a Social Protection System to Address the Demographic Challenges Faced by Bangladesh

Demographic change has, historically, been a key driver of social protection and can demand significant changes in broader social policy. The current system continues to be dominated by a commitment to selecting the extreme poor rather than establishing an inclusive form of social protection that provides social security transfers based on citizenship. Countries shape their social protection systems to provide support to various demographic groups, although most countries also have a small safety-net for those who fall through the gaps or need additional support.
Objective: The paper explores the demographic transition underway in Bangladesh and its implications for the design of the country’s social protection system. It examines changes happening at various stages of the lifecycle and the implications for current social protection schemes directed at those stages.
A comprehensive literature reviews and consultations with the experts, NGOs and related government, and evidence from international experience.

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