The National Social Security Strategy (NSSS) of Bangladesh lays out a comprehensive vision of building a Social Security System (SSS) for all Bangladeshis that addresses and prevents poverty and inequality and contributes to human development, employment, and economic growth. This will be achieved through a series of reforms proposed within the NSSS. Those reforms are both programmatic and operational. The former being programme alignment to the NSSS and the latter consisting of measures to improve programme management. The reforms identified in the NSSS regarding programme management revolve around the usage of more digital mechanisms, including: Single Registry MIS, MISs at the programme level, Grievance Redress System, and utilizing digital technologies for cash-transfers to beneficiaries. A refinement of beneficiary identification and selection processes, professionalization of staff, coordination among implementing agencies, and a focus on results-based management, will also accompany these initiatives. Therefore, the NSSS has the objective of institutionalizing results-based monitoring and evaluation to ensure that the delivery of services is actually contributing to the overall goal of poverty reduction, which will also serve as the basis for performance based budgeting2.
The following outline was developed by examining the objective of institutionalizing results-based M&E within the context of the entire SSS and analyzing the current state of M&E affairs, identifying the vision laid out in the NSSS, and providing a results framework to achieve that vision. The major supporting documents include the NSSS, 7th Five Year Plan, Core Diagnostic Instrument, and the Report from UN Statistical Commission on Sustainable Development Goals. Best international practices in formulating evaluation in social protection have also been researched. It’s expected that both the results framework and indicators for evaluating the NSSS will be refined through input from various government stakeholders.